CSS TEXT


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CSS Tutorial

This chapter teaches you how to manipulate text using CSS properties. You can set following text properties of an element −

  • The color property is used to set the color of a text.

  • The direction property is used to set the text direction.

  • The letter-spacing property is used to add or subtract space between the letters that make up a word.

  • The word-spacing property is used to add or subtract space between the words of a sentence.

  • The text-indent property is used to indent the text of a paragraph.

  • The text-align property is used to align the text of a document.

  • The text-decoration property is used to underline, overline, and strikethrough text.

  • The text-transform property is used to capitalize text or convert text to uppercase or lowercase letters.

  • The white-space property is used to control the flow and formatting of text.

  • The text-shadow property is used to set the text shadow around a text.

Set the Text Color

The following example demonstrates how to set the text color. Possible value could be any color name in any valid format.

<html>
   <head>
   </head>

   <body>
      <p style = "color:red;">
         This text will be written in red.
      </p>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

Set the Text Direction

The following example demonstrates how to set the direction of a text. Possible values are ltr or rtl.

<html>
   <head>
   </head>

   <body>
      <p style = "direction:rtl;">
         This text will be rendered from right to left
      </p>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

Set the Space between Characters

The following example demonstrates how to set the space between characters. Possible values are normal or a number specifying space..

<html>
   <head>
   </head>

   <body>
      <p style = "letter-spacing:5px;">
         This text is having space between letters.
      </p>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

Set the Space between Words

The following example demonstrates how to set the space between words. Possible values are normal or a number specifying space.

<html>
   <head>
   </head>

   <body>
      <p style = "word-spacing:5px;">
         This text is having space between words.
      </p>
   </body>
</html> 

This will produce following result −

Set the Text Indent

The following example demonstrates how to indent the first line of a paragraph. Possible values are % or a number specifying indent space.

<html>
   <head>
   </head>

   <body>
      <p style = "text-indent:1cm;">
         This text will have first line indented by 1cm and this line will remain at 
         its actual position this is done by CSS text-indent property.
      </p>
   </body>
</html>

It will produce the following result −

Set the Text Alignment

The following example demonstrates how to align a text. Possible values are left, right, center, justify.

<html>
   <head>
   </head>

   <body>
      <p style = "text-align:right;">
         This will be right aligned.
      </p>
      
      <p style = "text-align:center;">
         This will be center aligned.
      </p>
      
      <p style = "text-align:left;">
         This will be left aligned.
      </p>
   </body>
</html> 

This will produce following result −

Decorating the Text

The following example demonstrates how to decorate a text. Possible values are none, underline, overline, line-through, blink.

<html>
   <head>
   </head>

   <body>
      <p style = "text-decoration:underline;">
         This will be underlined
      </p>
      
      <p style = "text-decoration:line-through;">
         This will be striked through.
      </p>
      
      <p style = "text-decoration:overline;">
         This will have a over line.
      </p>
      
      <p style = "text-decoration:blink;">
         This text will have blinking effect
      </p>
   </body>
</html> 

This will produce following result −

Set the Text Cases

The following example demonstrates how to set the cases for a text. Possible values are none, capitalize, uppercase, lowercase.

<html>
   <head>
   </head>

   <body>
      <p style = "text-transform:capitalize;">
         This will be capitalized
      </p>
      
      <p style = "text-transform:uppercase;">
         This will be in uppercase
      </p>
      
      <p style = "text-transform:lowercase;">
         This will be in lowercase
      </p>
   </body>
</html> 

This will produce following result −

Set the White Space between Text

The following example demonstrates how white space inside an element is handled. Possible values are normal, pre, nowrap.

<html>
   <head>
   </head>

   <body>
      <p style = "white-space:pre;">
         This text has a line break and the white-space pre setting 
         tells the browser to honor it just like the HTML pre tag.
      </p>
   </body>
</html> 

This will produce following result −

Set the Text Shadow

The following example demonstrates how to set the shadow around a text. This may not be supported by all the browsers.

<html>
   <head>
   </head>

   <body>
      <p style = "text-shadow:4px 4px 8px blue;">
         If your browser supports the CSS text-shadow property, 
         this text will have a  blue shadow.
      </p>
   </body>
</html> 

It will produce the following result −



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